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Chronological Recapitulation of Events illustrative of the History of the City of Worcester. "Worcester first saw't and trembled at the view, Too well the ills of civil war she knew. Twice did the flames of old her towers invade, Twice did she call in vain for her own Severn's aid". COWLEY
B.C. 55. Julius Caesar lands in Britain – It is probable, that at this time, the native Britons had a fastness, or rude fortified town, on the woody hills round Worcester.
41. Claudius Caesar invades Britain, and sends Ostorius Scapula to the banks of the Severn, where, according the Tacitus, he constructed several fortifications. The Britons retire, but Ostorius follows, at length defeats Caractacus, and sends him in chains to Rome. Dr. Card, Vicar of Great Malvern, in a "Disquisition on the Herefordshire-Beacon," thinks that Caractacus encamped with his army, on that gigantic fortress of the Malvern Hills. Supposed formation of a Roman camp at Worcester about this time.
78. Agricola completes the subjection of Britain to the Romans.
287. Britain an independent kingdom under the Emperor Carausius, who maintains his dominion for seven years. "Under his command, Britain, destined in a future age to obtain the empire of the sea, already assumed its natural and respectable station of a maritime power." GIBBON.
296. Constantius Chlorus recovers Britain from Allectus, who had murdered Carausius, he either founded or improved Worcester, under its Roman name Brangonum.
306. Constantius dies at York, and his son Constantine the Great, assumes the purple in Britain.
368. The Picts and Scots having overrun Britain, are slaughtered and driven back by Theodosius.
383. Maximus emigrates from Britain to Gaul, with 30,000 soldiers, and 100,000 plebeians.
409. Britain becomes independent of the tottering Roman Empire. See Gibbon, on the British cities at this time.
449. Descent of the Saxons.
561. Ceaulin, grandson of Cerdic, King of the West Saxons, carries his victorious arms to the banks of the Severn.
585. Crida establishes the kingdom of Mercia, within which Worcester was situated.
628. Penda, King of Mercia, about this time, becomes possessed of Worcester, and appoints Osric, Viceroy of the Wiccii.
655. Peada, first Christian King of Mercia, and father of Wolfere, who granted the first charter to Worcester.
679. Bosel, consecrated first Saxon bishop of Worcester.
827. Egbert, sole monarch of the Heptarchy, leaving Mercia a tributary king.
878. Mercia occupied by the Danes.
885. Bishop Werefrid having fled to France from terror of the Danes, is recalled to his see of Worcester, by Alfred the Great.
894. Worcester having been destroyed by the Danes, is rebuilt by Duke Ethelred and his consort Ethelfleda.
969. St Peter's cathedral surrendered to the monks of St Mary's.
983. Bishop Oswald completes his new cathedral.
1041. Worcester destroyed by the forces of Hardicanute.
1074. Bishop Wulstan, Urso the sheriff, and the Abbot of Evesham, guard the passes of the Severn, and frustrate the conspiracy of the Earl of Hereford against Will. I.
1088. Wulstan defeats Roger de Lacy, & c.
1089. Wulstan finishes his cathedral.
1113. Worcester consumed by fire. The Welsh suspected to be the incendiarics
1129. Henry I kept his Christmas at Worcester.
1133. Great part of the city again consumed by fire.
1139. Stephen visits Worcester, offers his ring at the high alter, and displaces William de Beauchamp from the government of the castle. The same year, Nov 7, Milo, Earl of Hereford, attacks and plunders Worcester, being in the interest of Queen Maud.
1149 Stephen burns Worcester, but attacks the castle in vain, having offended Count de Meulant whom he had formerly appointed governor. Eustace, the son of Stephen again attacks it, but is repulsed by Count Meulant.